An HTTP response, which returns the headers and data from the server to the client in response to an HTTP request.

Every HttpRequest object provides access to the associated HttpResponse object through the response property. The server sends its response to the client by writing to the HttpResponse object.

Writing the response

This class implements IOSink. After the header has been set up, the methods from IOSink, such as writeln(), can be used to write the body of the HTTP response. Use the close() method to close the response and send it to the client.

server.listen((HttpRequest request) {
  request.response.write('Hello, world!');

When one of the IOSink methods is used for the first time, the request header is sent. Calling any methods that change the header after it is sent throws an exception.

Setting the headers

The HttpResponse object has a number of properties for setting up the HTTP headers of the response. When writing string data through the IOSink, the encoding used is determined from the "charset" parameter of the "Content-Type" header.

HttpResponse response = ...
    = new ContentType("application", "json", charset: "utf-8");
response.write(...);  // Strings written will be UTF-8 encoded.

If no charset is provided the default of ISO-8859-1 (Latin 1) will be used.

HttpResponse response = ...
response.headers.add(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, "text/plain");
response.write(...);  // Strings written will be ISO-8859-1 encoded.

An exception is thrown if you use the write() method while an unsupported content-type is set.



bufferOutput bool
read / write

Get or set if the HttpResponse should buffer output.

connectionInfo HttpConnectionInfo

Gets information about the client connection. Returns null if the socket is not available.

contentLength int
read / write

Gets and sets the content length of the response. If the size of the response is not known in advance set the content length to -1 - which is also the default if not set.

cookies List<Cookie>

Cookies to set in the client (in the 'set-cookie' header).

deadline Duration
read / write

Set and get the deadline for the response. The deadline is timed from the time it's set. Setting a new deadline will override any previous deadline. When a deadline is exceeded, the response will be closed and any further data ignored.

done Future
read-only, inherited

Get a future that will complete when the consumer closes, or when an error occurs. This future is identical to the future returned by close.

encoding Encoding
read / write, inherited

The Encoding used when writing strings. Depending on the underlying consumer this property might be mutable.

headers HttpHeaders

Returns the response headers.

persistentConnection bool
read / write

Gets and sets the persistent connection state. The initial value of this property is the persistent connection state from the request.

reasonPhrase String
read / write

Gets and sets the reason phrase. If no reason phrase is explicitly set a default reason phrase is provided.

statusCode int
read / write

Gets and sets the status code. Any integer value is accepted. For the official HTTP status codes use the fields from HttpStatus. If no status code is explicitly set the default value HttpStatus.OK is used.




add(List<int> data) → void

Adds data to the target consumer, ignoring encoding.

addError(error, [StackTrace stackTrace]) → void

Passes the error to the target consumer as an error event.

addStream(Stream<List<int>> stream) → Future

Adds all elements of the given stream to this.

close() → Future

Close the target consumer.

detachSocket({bool writeHeaders: true}) → Future<Socket>

Detaches the underlying socket from the HTTP server. When the socket is detached the HTTP server will no longer perform any operations on it.

flush() → Future

Returns a Future that completes once all buffered data is accepted by the to underlying StreamConsumer.

redirect(Uri location, {int status: HttpStatus.MOVED_TEMPORARILY}) → Future

Respond with a redirect to location.

write(Object obj) → void

Converts obj to a String by invoking Object.toString and adds the encoding of the result to the target consumer.

writeAll(Iterable objects, [String separator = ""]) → void

Iterates over the given objects and writes them in sequence.

writeCharCode(int charCode) → void

Writes the charCode to this.

writeln([Object obj = ""]) → void

Converts obj to a String by invoking Object.toString and writes the result to this, followed by a newline.